by Dr. Lawrence Wilson

© March 2019, L.D. Wilson Consultants, Inc.


All information in this article is for educational purposes only.  It is not for the diagnosis, treatment, prescription or cure of any disease or health condition.


Table Of Contents


I. Introduction: Our Sad Soils





II. General Principles

Two Testing Methods

The Need For Copper Sulfate



III. The Plant Testing Method





IV. The Soil Testing Method


What To Ask For




V. More Procedural Details

The Correction Process And Retesting Your Soil

How To Determine If Your Soil Has Changed Its Oxidation Type Or Na/K Ratio

How To Keep Your Soil Balanced

Soil Adjustments or Healing Reactions



VI. Discussion


More Technical Aspects

Yin And Yang Soil Methods

Can You Grow Crops During The Balancing Process

Role Of Boron And Potassium In Plants

Why Total Mineral Levels And Not Available Minerals


Soils, Crops And Livestock That Benefit Most From The Development Method







Almost all soils of the planet earth are depleted and toxic.

Depletion.  The soils are low in biovailable minerals – both trace minerals and  macrominerals – calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium and potassium.  This is a quality of our planet at this time.  It can also be due to poor farming practices in the past that have left the soil worn out and depleted.

Toxicity.  This includes both chemical toxins such as pesticide residues and toxic metals.  It also includes oxides of boron, iron, manganese, aluminum and, at times, other minerals such as cobalt, selenium and chromium.  For details, read Iron, Manganese And Aluminum – The Amigos.




By gently balancing your soil with simple formulas, it is possible to permanently get rid of the toxic mineral compounds that are damaging the plants and the animals that eat the grass and other vegetation on the land.

Also, by balancing the soil in the same way, many trace minerals in the soil, and the macro-minerals, as well, suddenly become bioavailable, providing great benefits for the farmer and rancher alike.  There is also less need for soil supplements.

We are calling this new method development science.  It takes care of the twin problems of the soil in a very unique and innovative way that does not cost a fortune and that can heal the earth in a permanent way.  These are its strengths.

Its main drawback are that it is based on sciences of which few are aware.  We will discuss these in this article.


A research report.  We have used this method now for about ten years.  It is working well in most all soils.  Farmers using this method are very excited about it, and that is the reason for this report.




1. No need for the garbage pail approach of loading up the soil with endless fertilizers, manures, rock dust, minerals, kelp, fish heads, sewage sludge, and more.


2. Tilling may be less needed, although it helps some soils.


3. No need for expensive bug sprays, pesticides and insecticides.


4. Less need for costly cover crops, in most cases.  Some are helpful, however.


5. No need for gut-wrenching failures of crops.


6. No need for soil erosion.


7. No need for radionics, which is unfortunately yin and therefore always somewhat harmful to plants.






The two methods of testing that can be used in the development method are:


1. Plant analysis on your plants.  This is the newer method and is most accurate.  This is more analogous to a hair mineral analysis on a human being or animal.

2. Soil analysis.  This can be done, at first, to approximate the best balance of the soil.  However, then one should do a plant analysis to fine-tune the soil.

Below are the details of each method.




For the development method, one requires copper sulfate chemical, and not just organic matter.  Some will not like this and will avoid the method for this reason.  Please do not prejudge in this way.  Try the method on a small area.  We think you will be pleased.

As to why copper sulfate is needed, we are not sure.  However, so far it works better than just using organic material.




Tilling the soil is still needed, at this time.  There is a lot of interest in no-till methods.  However, for the fastest development, we find tilling turns the materials into compost and balances the soil the fastest.  No-till methods are slower and less efficient.




Required equipment.  This method requires a standard plant grinder, either a hand grinder or an electric one.




To use this method, one grows three plants in one’s soil to be tested.  These are pea, corn and carrot.  The varieties don’t matter much. 

When the plants are at about one foot high, they are ready for testing.  The steps are:

1. Pull up the entire plant and clean the roots.

2. Dry the plants for about a week.

3. Grind up the plant using the grinder.

4. Send the three powders to your soil testing lab.

One or three samples.  If funds are very tight, one could mix together the three plant samples and just submit one sample for analysis.  We prefer getting three separate plant analyses, if possible.  We believe it is slightly more accurate.

Labeling the powders.  Be sure to tell the laboratory this is a plant analysis, not a soil analysis.  Otherwise, they will be upset because the numbers won’t match their standards for soil.




When one receives the mineral analyses, one must use the correct ideal values to make the assessment.  At this time, these are:


Calcium - 250 ppm

Magnesium – 80 ppm

Sodium – 20 ppm

Potassium – 50 ppm


Graphing.  Graph the results of the three plant analyses on one graph that is calibrated so that the ideal values above appear roughly in the middle of the graph so it is easy to see where the numbers fall.  Use a different color for each of the three plant analyses.

This method is the same as the one we use for human hair testing except the ideal values for plants are different.

This makes it much easier to visualize the oxidation rate and the sodium/potassium ratio, the two measurements needed for this type of analysis.

Once one knows these, one can mix together the right formula to correct the balance of minerals in the soil.




The required materials are:


1. Calcium and magnesium.  This is often in the form of


2. Copper.  The main mineral that is needed is copper.  We use copper sulfate.  It is inexpensive and works well.  Using a plant high in copper so far does not work as well.

2. Bacteria.  To provide this, we currently use horse manure that has not been composted.  This is working the best.

Other manures may work, such as cow or sheep manure.  Horse manure seems to contain more of the bacteria needed to convert the oxide forms of the minerals into more healthful mineral compounds.  The horses whose manure one uses should eat at least some fresh grass to produce the bacteria we want. 

Bio-dynamic enzymes.  Some farmers are using bio-dynamic enzymes to compost waste matter and to condition their soil.  This will work to some extent.  However, we find that horse manure is better.

3. Zinc sulfate.  This is only needed when the ratio of total sodium to total potassium in the soil is high.  This is explained below.

4. Other.  In some soils, other supplements are needed.  This is detailed below.

5. Water.  Some soils need more water.  This is detailed below.




1. Note your plant’s oxidation rate.  To do this, use a combination of two ratios.  The calculations are below:


Fast oxidation: (usually indicates soil under acute stress)

Calcium/potassium ratio EQUAL TO or LESS THAN about 5.


Sodium/magnesium ratio EQUAL TO or GREATER than about 0.25.


Slow oxidation: (indicates an exhausted soil)

Calcium/potassium ratio GREATER than about 5.


Sodium/magnesium ratio LESS than about 0.25.


Four lows: (indicates very depleted soil and a very sick plant)

TOTAL CALCIUM less than about 250 parts per million.

TOTAL MAGNESIUM less than about 80 ppm.

TOTAL SODIUM less than about 20 ppm.

TOTAL POTASSIUM less than about 50 ppm.


2. Note your plant’s Na/K ratio:

Na/K < 0.4 equals a low Na/K.

Na/K = or > than 0.4 equals a high Na/K.


3. Mix materials using this formula:




A. If the soil is in fast oxidation, use 100 pounds of copper per acre.

B. If the soil is in slow oxidation, use 50 pounds of copper per acre.

C. If the soil is in a four lows pattern, add 50 pounds of copper per acre.  However, also add lime at a rate of 200 pounds per acre and magnesium at 100 pounds per acre.


4. Now add even more minerals based on the Na/K ratio:

If the Na/K is less than 0.1, add more copper, about 50 pounds per acre. 

If the Na/K is less than 0.05 add 100 pounds of copper per acre.

If the Na/K is above 0.1 but less than about 0.15, add 100 pounds of zinc per acre.

If the Na/K ratio is above 0.15, add 200 pounds of zinc per acre.


NOTE: If you do this right, you will always be adding at least 50 pounds of copper per acre, and often more.  In addition, you may be adding some zinc to your soil.


5. Adding manure.  One needs to add about 100 pounds per acre.  Too much, or if it is spread unevenly, will burn the soil, but eventually it should work.  Try to use a good spreader to distribute the bacteria evenly.


6. The water. Most soil needs to be damp to slightly wet.  Dry soil will not adjust or balance nearly as fast or as well.  Therefore, you may have to irrigate if your soil is very dry.

Caution: If a heavy rain falls within three days of a mineral application, you may need to reapply the minerals if the rain all runs off your land.  If the rain soaks in, the mineral application should be valid.  Rain that falls more than a few days after an application of minerals should not disturb the balancing process.


Tilling in the minerals and manures.  Some farmers just spread the minerals and manures on their fields using a no-till method.  A superior method, in most cases, is to till in the minerals and manure.




This method is okay in the beginning if your soil is far out of balance.  However, after doing it once or twice, please switch to the plant analysis method described above, which is more accurate.




This is done in the standard way.  Mix together three or four samples taken from different parts of a field.  Spread the soil on a sheet of paper or plastic.  Let the soil dry out for a few days.  Then gather it and mail it to the laboratory for testing. 




1. Total amounts, not percentages. To measure the soil properly for this method, one must measure the total amount of calcium, magnesium, sodium, and potassium in the soil.  The other mineral levels are not needed.  They are sometimes important for diagnosing certain soil problems, but for balancing the soil they are not required.  This may save money, since frequent retesting is required with this method.

One would think that we must measure the copper and the zinc levels.  However, this does not appear to be true.  The amount of copper and zinc to add to your soil does not depend upon the copper level in the soil.  This may seem unusual, but it is true.




When the soil test results come back, do the following:


The mineral ideals.  With this method of healing the soil, the ideal mineral levels are different than what most laboratories use.  We know this, by experience.  We think this is because the soils are all weak or sick, and the labs are accustomed to these soils.  So we must modify the ideals that most soil labs use.

Here are the ideal mineral values that we use and suggest at this time.  All the values are in parts per million, unless otherwise indicated:


CALCIUM            16,000 ppm

MAGNESIUM  11,000 ppm

SODIUM              500 ppm

POTASSIUM    1200 ppm


Ideal Ratios.  This means that the current ideal ratios that we are using are:

CALCIUM/MAGNESIUM           1.45

CALCIUM/POTASSIUM             1.33

SODIUM/MAGNESIUM             0.045

SODIUM/POTASSIUM               0.41


This may vary, but so far it is consistent across different soil types such as sandy, loamy or clay soil.

Graphing.  Ideally, graph the numbers for your soil on a calibrated graph that has the ideal values in the middle of the graphs.  Some day we think the labs will offer this, but they do not offer it today.




Fast oxidation: (usually indicates soil under acute stress).  The criteria are:

Calcium/potassium ratio EQUAL TO or LESS THAN about 1.33.


Sodium/magnesium ratio EQUAL TO or GREATER than about 0.045.


Slow oxidation: (indicates an exhausted soil).  The criteria are:

Calcium/potassium ratio GREATER than about 1.33.


Sodium/magnesium ratio LESS than about 0.045.


Four lows: (indicates very depleted or dead soil).  The criteria are:

TOTAL CALCIUM less than 16,000 parts per million AND

TOTAL MAGNESIUM less than 11,000 ppm AND

TOTAL SODIUM less than 500 ppm AND

TOTAL POTASSIUM less than 1200 ppm


Mixed oxidation.  Criteria are:

A. A calcium/potassium ratio less than 1.33 and a sodium/magnesium ratio less than 0.045


B. A calcium/potassium ratio greater than 1.33 and a sodium/magnesium ratio greater than 0.045.


This situation is termed mixed oxidation.  This is a temporary state that will resolve to either fast or slow oxidation as you adjust the soil with this method, usually within a year or two.  It is a little trickier to dose the supplements, but not too difficult.




Besides the oxidation rate, the other critical measurement is the SODIUM/POTASSIUM RATIO or Na/K ratio.  It appears to be very critical for the health of the soil.  This may be because it measures an electrical charge on the cell membranes of certain soil organisms, or it may be for other reasons.  Recall that sodium and potassium are the main cations responsible for the solubility of the soil.

The ideal Na/K ratio in soil is 0.045.




1. Calculate your soil’s oxidation rate, as explained in the section above.

2. Calculate your soil’s Na/K ratio, as explained above.

3. Add mineral using this formula:

A. If the soil is in fast oxidation, use 100 pounds of copper per acre.

B. If the soil is in slow oxidation, use 50 pounds of copper per acre.

C. If the soil is in a four lows pattern, add 50 pounds of copper per acre.  However, also add lime at a rate of 200 pounds per acre and magnesium at 100 pounds per acre.


4. Now add even more minerals based on the Na/K ratio:

If the Na/K is between 0.01 and 0.045 and, add more copper, at 50 pounds per acre.

If the Na/K is less than 0.01, add copper at 80 pounds per acre.

If the Na/K is above 0.045 but less than 0.1, add 100 pounds of zinc per acre.

If the Na/K ratio is above 0.1, add 200 pounds of zinc per acre.


If you do this right, you will always be adding at least 50 pounds of copper per acre, and often more.  In addition, you may be adding some zinc to your soil.


5. The manure.  One needs to add at least 100 pounds per acre, or maybe more.  Adding too much, or if it is spread unevenly, will burn the soil, but eventually it should work.  Try to use a good spreader to distribute the bacteria evenly.


6. The water. Most soil needs to be damp to slightly wet.  Dry soil will not adjust or balance nearly as fast or as well.  Therefore, you may have to irrigate if your soil is very dry.

Caution: If a heavy rain falls within three days of a mineral application, you may need to reapply the minerals if the rain all runs off your land.  If the rain soaks in, the mineral application should be valid.  Rain that falls more than a few days after an application of minerals should not disturb the balancing process.


Tilling in the minerals and manures.  Some farmers just spread the minerals and manures on their fields using a no-till method.  A superior method, in most cases, is to till in the minerals and manure.


Other mineral ideals.  Since we are discussing soil testing, here are our other trace mineral ideals.  Remember, however, that we do not base our supplementation on these levels.  They are for reference, only, at this time.  All, except for phosphorus, are in parts per million:


COPPER                           1.5

ZINC                                   14

SULFUR                           85    

IRON                                  85

MANGANESE              40

CHROMIUM                  20

BORON                            0.5

ALUMINUM                   140              (a toxic metal)

PHOSPHORUS           1100          (as P2O5 in lbs/acre)






During the correction process, the oxidation rate and the sodium/potassium ratio may vary, moving up and down a number of times.  This is why frequent soil testing is essential!  It is not too costly, so do it more often rather than less often.

In most cases, you can wait three to six months between soil tests.  This is about optimal in most cases.

However, if you suspect that your soil has shifted its oxidation rate or its Na/K ratio sooner than in three months, then test it again sooner.  You can test it as often as once a month.




Your soil may well have shifted if your crops, weeds and/or animals living on it are not looking as well.  They all tend to do best when the soil is balanced in the way described in this article.

Once again, do not test the soil more than about once a month.  It won’t change any faster, so there is no reason to test more often than this.  And again, most of the time you can go for three or even up to six months without retesting. 

However, do not go more than six months without a retest, as the soil can change and you may not be aware of it.  Failing to retest the soil at least every six months will greatly slow down the balancing and adjustment of your soil.


Each time you find that the soil has shifted its oxidation rate and/or its sodium/potassium ratio, you must make another application of the minerals.  We know this sounds like a lot of applications, but it is necessary for success.  Remember, however, that you cannot apply minerals or manures more than about once a month, or it will overwhelm the soil, and usually, you won’t be re-applying minerals more than once every three to six months.

Eventually, the soil will settle down into a fairly mild fast oxidation pattern with a fairly normal Na/K ratio of about 0.045.  This is when your soil is now ready to produce at its optimum.  This can take a few years of balancing the soil.




Once your soil is balanced, the next question is how to keep it that way.  Here are suggestions:


1. Strictly keep all toxic chemicals, including even some natural pesticides, off the land.  Use as little as you can of any toxic substances, even natural ones.  This is very important!

2. Let the land lie fallow at least once every three years.  For now, this is helpful.  Eventually, we may be able to keep producing through crop rotation, but most soil is still weak and needs a year of rest every three years.

3. Rotate your crops every year.  This is essential, as well.




At times, using this method, the oxidation rate, the Na/K ratio, and/or the levels of the soil minerals may become very high or very low.  This is normal for this method, so be prepared for it! 

This process is called retracing in the human and animal populations.  In development soil science, this effect is called a readjustment.

In this rather fascinating process, soil microbes may produce a lot of one mineral, or deplete a particular mineral, in the process of restoring the soil to health.


A problem for Ag scientists.  Readjustments of this type are a problem for scientists who may react with alarm when a soil test comes back with higher or lower mineral levels than are expected.

The correct response is to allow the process to proceed without interrupting it with symptomatic soil treatments such as adding lime, adding magnesium, or others.

This is difficult to understand for conventionally-trained soil scientists, however.   It takes some experience to learn to let the process work itself out.  Just continue to correct the oxidation rate and the Na/K ratio ONLY, and do not worry about the other aberrations that will occur, at times, because these variations are normal for this method. 

For more about this interesting healing process in human beings and in animals, please read Retracing on this website.  While this article is about human health, the principles and the method of allowing the reactions to pass are identical to the way we handle the soil.




These may be needed for a year or two as the soil rebalances.  We will suggest what to use so as to interfere the least with the development process.






This relates to biochemistry.  Copper, we have found, helps to raise a low sodium/potassium ratio in the soil.  It also reduces a fast oxidation rate.  Both of these conditions are commonly present in the soils of the earth.  So that is the reason copper sulfate is so helpful.

Copper may have this effect because copper supports oxidative metabolism in many species of micro-organisms, worms and other soil inhabitants.  Copper is required for the Krebs or carboxylic acid cycle found in many organisms.  As oxidative processes increase, so do all life processes increase in our soil.  An end result is to raise the sodium/potassium ratio.

Copper may reduce a fast oxidation rate by making calcium more bioavailable in the soil.  This has a calming and slowing effect upon the soil oxidation rate.  Oxidation rates are discussed below.




This method is a combination method based on a number of concepts:


Mineral balancing.  Development science is based on balancing the minerals in an animal or human body.  It employs the research of William Albrecht concerning how one mineral supplement affects the levels of other minerals.  While this research is now almost 100 years old, few are able to use it in the way we do.

For this breakthrough, we owe a great debt to Dr. Paul Eck, who extended the research and came up with a practical way to balance bodies based upon it.

The stress theory of disease.  This is the work of Hans Selye, MD (1907-1982).  Dr. Selye realized that all animals and the soil go through stages of stress.  He gave these names – alarm, resistance and exhaustion. 

The oxidation types.  This is the work of George Watson, PhD (1912-?).  He was a professor of philosophy of science at the University of Southern California.  His health research focused on the response of a human being to various odors.  Through this method, he identified two basic states of body chemistry that he called fast and slow oxidation. 

This is not the same as fast and slow metabolism.  However, it is somewhat related to the standard determination of metabolic rate in human beings.

Preferred minerals.  When soil microorganisms and earth worms do not receive enough of the minerals they require, they will take up and use less-preferred minerals to operate their enzyme systems and for other purposes.  This is a basic survival mechanism for all living creatures.  However, it is also the cause of a lot of ill health of animals.

Dr. Paul Eck learned about this phenomenon from the writing Henry Schroeder, MD (1906-1975).  Dr. Schroeder wrote on page 7 of Trace Elements And Man:


“- cadmium avidly replaces zinc and changes or inactivates zinc (dependent) enzymes, causing disease;

- arsenic displaces phosphorus, causing disease;

- selenium displaces sulfur, causing disease;

- bromine displaces chlorine (and both bromine and chlorine displace iodine);

- beryllium displaces magnesium;

- strontium displaces calcium …” 


Dr. Schroeder realized that a chemical element can often be replaced by the element underneath it on the standard periodic table of the elements because they are shaped similarly.  All the elements in each column have the same number of electrons in their outer shell, which means they are “shaped” somewhat the same.

For this reason, elements in the same column can “fit” into certain enzymes, like a key that fits into a lock even though it is not the right key to open the lock.

In the case of chemical elements, the replacement or less-preferred “key” or element can sometimes operate the lock to a degree, a times preserving life.  However, the enzyme or tissue does not work properly, so disease results.

A crude analogy is if one breaks the fan belt on a vehicle and does not have a replacement belt, one could possibly take off one’s waist belt, wrap it tightly around the pulleys and slowly make your way home.  That is how less-preferred minerals work in animal and human bodies.  They don’t fit well, but they fit enough to sustain life.

While this idea may sounds unusual, it is one of the most important secrets of development science.  It is the science of replacing faulty parts with factory original parts.

Layers of adaptations or compensations.  This is the idea that what is called ill health or disease is not an “entity”, as the vets and medical doctors are taught.  In fact, disease is a time-dependent process of adaptation to stressors. 

Readjustments or retracing. Another vital concept in the development method is that deep healing of the soil causes big swings in the mineral balance as the soil heals.  This idea relates directly to the idea of layers of adaptations described above.

Other inspirations for the work were the scientific genius of Dr. Louis Kervran, author of Biological Transmutations, and Andre Voisin, author of Soil, Grass And Cancer.




Yin and yang are Chinese words that express a physics concept.  We sometimes use them because there are no good equivalent words in English.  While few pay attention to this concept in Western nations, the idea is very important in some Oriental concepts of agriculture.

The development method is a very yang method of soil regeneration.  Yang methods tend to make the soil much more active and warmer.  They also tend to condense it or make its structure more compact.  Yang methods also tend to work faster.

However, many of the methods used today are more yin.  This means that their effect, at a deep level, is to make the soil colder, less active, and make its structure more expanded.  This is usually not helpful because the soil is already somewhat yin due to excessive ionizing radiation in the soil and toxic metals and toxic chemicals in the soil.

Examples of more yin methods of soil regeneration and soil-building are radionics, superphosphate fertilizers, crushed rock, fish heads, homeopathy and the addition of most products of all kinds.

While it is true that this method uses copper sulfate, zinc sulfate, lime and other materials, the amounts used are relatively small, and this is more yang.




Yes, in most cases.  Development by this method is a little harsh, at times.  In general, however, most crops can withstand the process quite well, we find.

Also, most livestock animals can handle the process quite well.  We suggest keeping livestock off of a field for a few days after applying the copper or manure.  Other than this caution, they can graze normally.




Boron.  Boron in plants acts to raise the sodium/potassium ratio.  In this regard, it is somewhat like the role of the adrenal glands in animals and human beings.

Unfortunately, very few plants have the right form of boron for ideal growth.  Most of the time, the boron in plants is an oxide form that is somewhat toxic and stimulating.  The ideal form is not an oxide and does not have the same stimulating effect, but it is low on the planet and not available as a supplement.

The oxide form of boron finds its way into human food and is slightly toxic for human beings and animals. 

Potassium.  Potassium in plants acts to increase the sodium/potassium ratio and tends to increase the oxidation rate.  It seems to function in a way similar to the thyroid gland in animals and human beings.

The potassium found in N-P-K fertilizers is always somewhat toxic for plants.  This is just one problem with N-P-K agriculture, which is largely just stimulation of plant growth and soil mining.




The reason is that with the development method, we balance the oxidation rate which involves the sodium and potassium levels in the soil.  These are solvent minerals and their levels and ratios determine the percentage of ionized and available minerals in the soil.  So, in fact, the development method does measure the available fraction of soil minerals.




Restoring the ability of the soil microorganisms to transmute heavy metals in the soil into lighter minerals is a great secret of the success of the development method.  It requires very healthy soil microorganisms and a more yang soil.




              The development method so far balances most soils, all crops and all livestock.






1. Wilson, L., Nutritional Balancing And Hair Mineral Analysis, 2016.

2. The Oxidation Types.

3. The Sodium/Potassium Ratio.

4. Biological Transmutation Of The Elements.



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