© May 2014, The Writers Group
All information in this article is for educational purposes only. It is not for the diagnosis, treatment, prescription or cure of any disease or health condition.
1. In general, an adhesion means two or more surfaces that are stuck or joined together.
2. In the body, an adhesion is an abnormal attachment or stickiness between two or more body tissues.
3. Scarring. Adhesions are a type of scarring or scar tissue that causes two tissues to stick together in an abnormal way.
4. A substitute structure. Adhesions may also be viewed as a kind of substitute physical and chemical structure that can develop in the body.
In other words, adhesions can replace or substitute for other structures such as muscles, tendons, ligments and even bones that have become weakened or are out of place, or are not functioning for some other reason.
In this case, the adhesion (s) are compensations and adaptations to some kind of weakness or other problem in the body.
5. A toxic yang condition of the body. Adhesions are a yang adaptation or condition because they are usually hard, dense, and compact. However, they are always a toxic yang condition.
6. An abnormal attachment of any kind. This is a more philosophical definition. An adhesion can be an abnormal attachment between two or more surfaces, objects, tissues, or even ideas. This is very important because adhesions do not only occur between body tissues.
By considering the opposite to a definition, we may come to understand a word or idea better.
There are at least two concepts that are the opposite of an adhesion:
A. Cohesion. This means two or more surfaces, tissues, objects or ideas that are lined up or related to one another in a harmonious, synergetic way.
B. Unattached or unrelated. This means two or more surfaces, tissues, objects or ideas that not attached to one another.
Most of this article concerns physical body adhesions. However, other types of adhesions are mentioned near the end of the article.
Why adhesions are important. They can interfere with the blood supply and the nerve supply to various parts of the body. They also restrict bodily movement and cause poor posture. For these reasons, adhesions often cause disease and shorten a person’s lifespan.
In some cases, they become vicious cycles, in which case they are even worse.
WHERE ADHESIONS OCCUR
The most common site of adhesions is in the fascia layers, which are under the skin. However, they can occur at other sites, including the cell membranes, the intercellular substance and matrix, the muscles, tendons, ligaments, skin, organs and elsewhere. In all cases, they involve a hardening, toughening or fibrosis of the body tissues.
STICKY TISSUES AND THE QUALITY OF STICKINESS IN THE BODY
Adhesions are like having “sticky”, molecules, cells, tissues and other structures and substances in the body. This is not normal. While tissues should work together harmoniously, the word adhesions, when used in the context of health and the body, always denotes a pathological type of stickiness or glue-like consistency or tendency of the body substances and tissues.
This is a critical concept in health and disease that is not addressed much in allopathic medicine. It is the idea that the tissues, cells, organs and some molecules, must slip easily over one another in order for a person to be healthy. This is how the tissues can best respond to stimuli, adapt to stress, and generally ply their way through life in a flexible and correct manner.
Aging and adhesions. One of the prime signs of aging is a loss of flexibility of the tissues. This may be partly an effect of adhesions. The body tissues and even organs and other structures become somewhat glued together, and cannot move freely over one another.
II. CAUSES OF ADHESIONS
Unresolved inflammation is the basic cause. The main cause of adhesions appear to be inflammation that is not correctly resolved.
Nutritional imbalances. Unresolved inflammation is often, or perhaps always due to nutritional imbalances.
One of these is copper toxicity. This interferes with the disulphide bonds in connective tissue structures.
Another is the presence of the so-called amigos (high levels of hidden iron, manganese, aluminum, nickel, cobalt, boron and perhaps other minerals). These are extremely pro-inflammatory mineral compounds that cause many problems in the body. This topic is discussed below in more detail.
Trauma. Inflammation may also be caused by a trauma such as a surgery, a fall, or something else. This induces inflammation and also causes nutritional deficiencies that the body cannot overcome, resulting in chronic inflammation.
At one level, an adhesion is a type of trauma. A trauma, by definition, causes a change in the body and/or brain that cannot be easily overcome. One is somehow “stuck” afterwards an unable to return the body to its previous conditions.
Infection. Inflammation may also be due to an infection. This is also common. It is part of an incomplete response of the body to an infecting organism.
Infections may cause adhesions by various mechanisms:
A. Inflammation from the body fighting the infection.
B. Nutrient depletion as a result of fighting the infection.
C. Endotoxins and/or exotoxins from bacteria, viruses, parasites and even fungi may poison the tissues at a local level.
D. Other changes in the tissues around an infection site may play a role.
HOW ADHESIONS CAUSE ILLNESS
1. Adhesions restrict circulation of the blood and lymph. This impairs cellular nutrition. It also restricts hormones and many other nutrients from reaching the cells, such as insulin, glucose, fatty acids and hundreds of others.
Adhesions can also interfere with the elimination of all waste products from the cells and even the body. Not only are the tissues squeezed and restricted so that toxins build up there, but one can even become constipated, for example, if the colon has adhesions.
Urine may not flow out of the kidneys adequately, or the bladder may not empty properly. The liver may not work correctly as well, as the liver cells are less able to eliminate many thousands of toxins that instead accumulate in the liver, kidneys, and everywhere in the body.
2. Adhesions restrict the flow of subtle energy or ether in the acupuncture meridians, and other types of energy channels. This is very important. The body is constructed of various subtle energy channels that must remain open in order to function properly. If they are squeezed or restricted, life force or ether does not flow properly within the body.
3. Adhesions alter and generally restrict posture and physical movement of the body They can cause chiropractic and other structural imbalances such as kyphosis, scoliosis (twisting of the spine), and even bone deformities, ligament deformities, and other structural problems.
When a person says “I have a bad back”, or “a bad neck”, for example, it often means the person has restrictions or adhesions in the back, neck, or elsewhere. This can alter the person’s posture and movement. It also often tires the person out faster, and causes pain or other discomfort.
4. Indirectly, adhesions can alter one’s thinking and feeling. This may seem unusual. However, by holding the body in unusual positions and by altering the flow of subtle energy through the energy channels of the body, adhesions can influence one’s thoughts and feelings.
QUANTITIES AND QUALITIES OF ADHESIONS
Adhesions may have many different qualities or characteristics, since they may have multiple causes. For example:
1. Simple or superficial adhesions. Some are quite superficial and temporary, such as tightness in a muscle after exercise, or even after sleep. These “work out” easily and quickly. These usually only involve two adhered tissues.
2. Deep and complex. Others are much more permanent, and difficult to undo, erase or untwist. They may involve multiple layers of fascia, connective tissue or other layers of organs and tissues. These can be twisted one over another in very complex fashions. These are much harder to “unwind”. They literally must be unwound one layer at a time. This usually takes years, if it can be done at all.
3. Chemical composition. The type of chemical substances involved also affect adhesions. For example, some are made of copper compounds, while others contain cadmium or other toxic metals. Each will have its own qualities.
III. CORRECTION OF ADHESIONS
For the biochemical aspects of adhesions, nutritional balancing science is one of the few ways to reduce some adhesions in the body. Let us address some major biochemical imbalances associated with adhesions. They include:
1. Reduced energy production in the cells. This shows up on a hair mineral analysis as an imbalanced oxidation rate, imbalanced mineral ratios, a low phosphorus level, and other imbalances.
2. The presence of toxic metals, toxic chemicals, and improper chemical compounds in the body. Everyone has some of these, but the problem gets worse if one has more of them.
3. Subtle deficiencies of various minerals, vitamins and other chemical substances needed for life. These include the omega-3 oils, for example, which help maintain flexibility of the cell membranes. Vitamins A and D, along with vitamin E, and other fatty substances are also needed. Pasteurized milk contains damaged fat, as does hydrogenated and trans-fats, which cause more adhesions at certain cellular levels.
Selenium and silicon, for example, along with zinc and lithium, actually give substances a slippery, smooth texture that tends to undo some adhesions. The skin of fish such as sardines, for example, is high in selenium that is needed for the fish to navigate or slip through the water without much resistance. It also helps the body tissues slip along each other without adhering.
Another substance in nature that is high in selenium and silicon is corn silk. Here again, one notes the smooth, glassy appearance of this substance. In fact, the corn plant, even the grossly genetically modified plant, is rather high in silicon and selenium, two elements that help reduce adhesions in the body.
Other smooth, glassy types of substances in nature that are high in silicon-based substances include glass, some plastics, and even the newer computer chips that are made of silicon or germanium. These are needed to move electricity so it slips and slides along faster and smoother without interference.
Inside of our nervous system and brain, electrical impulses must be able to move freely along the nerves. Also, a certain amount of mechanical slipping and sliding is absolutely required. Problems in this area give rise to improper brain architecture. This may not seem important, but as one develops spiritually, it becomes extremely important. The brain begins to work like a radio with an antenna, and if the antenna is not working well, it will affect thinking and other aspects of mental functioning. Lithium, along with zinc and other minerals such as selenium and chromium, allow this to occur. In fact, the ability of the cells and body structure to slip and slide among each other is a key to life and health.
HOW NUTRITIONAL BALANCING HELPS WITH ADHESIONS
Nutritional balancing science directly addresses the causes of adhesions, and how to correct adhesions at the deepest levels.
For example, copper imbalance is known to be one of the main instigators of adhesions, scars, scoliosis and other connective tissue types of adhesions in the body. This is not usable copper. It is a form or several forms of copper that are so electronegative in their effect that they cause the tissues to adhere in abnormal ways.
The copper also damages the normal types of tissue attachments, which are called sulfur-sulfur or disulfide type bonding. This type of tissue binding is not pathological or “adhered”. Unlike adhesions, disulfide bonds are more flexible and considered far more normal in the body. They are used in all flexible or connective tissues such as tendons, ligaments, muscles and elsewhere.
Adequate sulfur is also important to prevent adhesions because it is involved in the disulfide bonds of connective tissue. Vegetarian diets, for example, are low in certain types of bioavailable sulfur compounds, and this is one of the main problems of all vegetarian diets, no matter how nutritious and healthful they may be in other ways.
OTHER WAYS TO CORRECT ADHESIONS
The problem of adhesions is as old as mankind. Older methods to deal with adhesions include sciences such as yoga and perhaps certain meditations. Today, yoga is not working quite as well, and often causes soft tissue injuries. In part, this is because the yoga teachers are not careful enough.
However, it is also because the soft tissues and connective are weak in most people, and brittle and hardened with toxic metals and toxic chemicals. For this reason, I don’t recommend yoga today, especially bikrum yoga or “hot yoga”. More injuries occur with this type than with any other. Today, I suggest the following methods:
1. Make the body more yang. This is done with a nutritional balancing program, especially the cooked vegetable diet and the proper supplements, and even one’s thinking and emotional habits. To read more about this, read Yin Disease on this site.
2. Modern physical methods. These include stretching exercises, massage, and manipulation of the tissues. In particular, Rolfing or structural integration, visceral manipulation, and other types of deep tissue work or bodywork may be helpful. These therapies, in general, are excellent and complement nutritional balancing science as they seek to balance the body in a physical and structural way.
Women should go only to a female Rolfer or massage therapist for safety reasons.
Chiropractic and osteopathic manipulation may also be helpful, but often less so than stretching and bodywork. I use simple twisting and stretching of the neck and the joints myself every day, and it is a slow process. I no longer seem to need as much chiropractic and Rolfing, but these are good, too. To read much more about basic stretching, please read The Spinal Twist on this website.
Warning: I do not recommend physical therapy for adhesions, in many cases. The reason is that often the goal of the therapy is to strengthen certain muscles to compensate for the adhesions that may be upsetting posture or body movement.
This is not the same as getting rid of the adhesions. In fact, it can strengthen or reinforce the adhesion.
The same thing happens in many yoga classes. One feels better because one strengthens certain muscles that compensate for adhesions. However, this is not the same as breaking up and removing the adhesion.
A good rule is that if one must keep doing yoga or exercise or physical therapy to maintain oneself pain-free or moving better, then the therapy is not getting rid of the adhesion, but only compensating for it. It is best to get rid of the adhesion.
3. Deep breathing. For adhesions in the chest, abdominal areas and back, breathing deeply into these areas can be most helpful.
4. Gentle exercise helps some adhesions, but it must be gentle. Otherwise, exercise can make things worse. The reasons include:
1. Exercise easily depletes nutrients needed to maintain the tissues.
2. Exercise usually move the body in repetitive ways that work only certain muscles, tendons and ligaments, leading to more damage to them and not breaking up old patterns.
3. Exercise takes up time and energy that is better spent resting, and doing other methods to break up adhesions described below.
This is an important reason why nutritional balancing science never recommends vigorous exercise. Most people’s tissues are simply so weak, diseased and adhered that exercising actually causes more adhesions.
5. Red light sauna therapy is excellent for adhesions. The near infrared sauna, in particular, carries frequencies that seem to help reduce many types of cellular and structural adhesions, reducing pain and causing relaxation at many levels.
6. Other heat therapies such as hot water baths, steam baths and others also have some effect in this area. This is one reason these baths have been popular with mankind for thousands of years.
Even sunbathing, which is an infrared heat therapy, is helpful for reducing some adhesions. The problem with it today is the high level of ultraviolet exposure. Sunscreen helps this problem, but the sunscreen is usually a highly toxic brew that is dangerous if used more than occasionally.
7. The pushing down mental exercise. This moves energy downward through the body from the head to the feet. The movement of etheric energy downward through the body raises its vitality and helps heal all types of injuries, traumas and other wounds. For details, read The Pushing Down Exercise.
8. Electrical machines such as TENS and other stimulators are used to break up some mechanical adhesions in the body. A problem with most of them is that they may introduce stray electrical or magnetic frequencies into the body that may be harmful.
OTHER TOPICS RELATED TO ADHESIONS - SCLEROSIS
Sclerosis is a condition somewhat related to adhesions. It is a form of adhesion, in a way, in which certain cell types replace normal cell types in the brain (multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s plaques, etc.), in the arteries (arteriosclerosis and fatty or calcium plaques), in the muscles and elsewhere.
Sclerosis might be considered another word for adhesions. However, sclerosis is more specific in that other cell types and structures replace the normal cell types in these situations.
Interestingly, on a nutritional balancing program, these aberrant cell structures and types generally melt away. This would indicate that they represent “Band-Aids” or “Crutches” that the body literally constructs when the normal tissues have become weakened, in some cases. This is definitely the case with arterial plaques that seem to protect the artery from possible breakage or aneurisms.
In the case of other types of sclerosis, in places like the brain, the plaques will also disappear and be re-absorbed as the underlying cell structures heal. Here the plaques probably do not represent adaptations.
WHY DOES SURGERY OFTEN CAUSE ADHESIONS?
Having surgery, especially some types of surgery such as bowel surgery, esophageal surgery and others, always tends to produce adhesions and other types of scarring. The reasons include:
1. Trauma to the tissues tends to cause and worsen most adhesions.
2. Infection can worsen adhesions during and after surgery. Subtle infections from surgery and hospitals are extremely common and many go unreported and undetected.
3. Damage due to the chemical agents used, such as anesthesia drugs, antibiotics and others that damage the liver and weaken the patient.
4. Other. Even the sewing thread and the surgeon pulling and stretching the organs and tissues to move them aside so he can work can contribute a little, as can blood loss, since blood contains many nutrients and most people are very deficient in some nutrients.
This is why before surgery, if surgeons insisted on improved diets, vitamin, mineral and other supplements, more rest and sleep, and better water, patients would survive and recover far better from surgery with many fewer complications, of which a major one is adhesions.
DEHYDRATION AND ADHESIONS
Adhesion problems can become far worse if a person:
1. Does not drink enough water,
2. Drinks a type of water that does not hydrate the body well. Examples are reverse osmosis water and some alkaline water.
3. Consumes substances that deplete water such as caffeine, sugars (even in fruit and juices) and/or alcohol.
This may occur for a simple reason that the tissues are not well-hydrated. However, dehydration affects circulation, elimination of waste materials, and many chemical reactions. See the article Water For Drinking on this site for more on the subject of drinking water.
THE PROBLEM WITH REMEDIES, IN RELATION TO ADHESIONS
Remedies for health problems have a number of disadvantages that are discussed on this website. For this reason, nutritional balancing makes scant use of remedies. We just don’t need them, and they usually upset body chemistry and are somewhat toxic.
In addition, however, remedies have a tendency to cause adhesions in the body. This is due to their toxicity and that they upset body chemistry.
Whether the remedy is a medical drug, an herb, a yoga posture, a touch by an energy or body worker, they can offer symptomatic relief. However, tend not to restore the whole body system to its previous state of health, and at times, they will cause adhesions.
MEDICAL DRUGS AND ADHESIONS
Medical drugs often subtly irritate, damage and congeal the tissues. These are among the “adverse effects” of these drugs.
In fact, allopathic remedies cause so much adhesion damage that I predict that someday most of them will be outlawed. They would be outlawed today, even Aspirin and ibuprofin, except that they work temporarily and the drug company lobby and other lobbies ignore the horrendous statistics of how these common drugs damage the stomach, and moreso the kidneys and livers. They are the leading causes of kidney and liver failure in America and in other nations.
WHAT IS SCARRING?
What is called scarring is nothing more than adhesions in the tissues that are visible, or can be felt or palpated with one’s hand.
Unfortunately, most adhesions cannot be felt. They go undetected and are not dealt with by most medical and holistic doctors and practitioners. At least, with scars one is aware that something ugly has appeared. What most people are unaware of is the ugliness inside the body caused by scarring or adhesions due to their diets, their lack of rest, their lack of water, and their unhealthful lifestyles.
IV. OTHER INTERESTING ASPECTS OF ADHESIONS
ADHESIONS ARE A FEATURE OF PHYSICAL LIFE
This means that physical life as we know it is a type of adhesion to physicality and matter. This is a different and more philosophical level of understanding adhesions. However, it is important because as one develops mentally and spiritually, one should slowly undoes one’s attachments and adhesions to the physical world. This is a very interesting topic that is beyond the scope of this article. Other articles on this website such as Introduction To Development discuss some of these topics in detail.
Co-dependent relationship are a type of adhesion phenomenon. In other words, they represent a type of ‘stickiness’ between people or unhealthy way to relate to others. This is a large topic, but it is interesting to note that adhesions can occur between people, not just between the tissues of the body. For more on this interesting topic, read Codependency on this website.
ALL ADDICTIONS ARE AN ADHESION PHENOMENON
In other words, one is unhealthfully attached or ‘stuck’ to a substance such as alcohol or marijuana, for example. This is another very interesting topic. To read more about it, read Addiction, Carbohydrate Addiction, Sugar Addiction, and Medical Marijuana on this website.
NEUROSES, FIXATIONS, AND OBSESSIONS CAN BE VIEWED AS ‘MENTAL ADHESIONS’.
For example, a person who is neurotic or obsessed will keep coming back to a theme or way of thinking in a pathological manner. It is as though their thinking is ‘stuck’ to a topic or way of perceiving life.
Apparently their minds cannot “slip and slide” or move freely from thought to thought, or from subject to subject, and instead they become caught and inflexible. Viewing neurosis and obsessions as a type of adhesion phenomenon is interesting and may help some people to overcome this common mental affliction.
ALL MASS ATTRACTION, SUCH AS BETWEEN PLANETS, IS RELATED TO ADHESION
This may sound a little outrageous, but it is the truth. This topic is beyond the scope of this article. However, I mention it because adhesion is a basic property of all matter. As stated earlier, keeping the tissues and cell components of the body from congealing, mixing, blending and destroying one another in this way is actually an important task of the body. The same principle applies in physics, physical chemistry, and even in our personal and interpersonal lives.